Nearly five million people in the US are treating skin cancer every year. Annually the number of new skin cancer diagnosis is bigger than instances of prostate, breast, colon and lung cancers combined. One in five Americans may develop skin cancer sometime in their lives. Recognizing the signs of skin cancer is very important in order to react on time with the treatment.
Fortunately, most of the skin cancers can be treated and cured when detected early.
When a mole is developed, it will probably stay the same shape, size, and color for years. Many people have moles, and practically all of them are harmless. But it is relevant to recognize changes that may occur in the moles – such as in its shape, size, or color. Unusual moles, lumps, sores, markings, blemishes, or changes of the skin may be a sign of some type of skin cancer.
You should have in mind the ABCDE rule when you make your mole check up:
A (Asymmetry): Moles that have asymmetric, irregular, shapes. Normal moles have round and symmetric shape.
B (Border): Moles that have interrupted, unequal, or uneven borders.
C (Color): Moles that have multiple colors, like brown, black, gray, and blue, or sometimes with patches of red, pink or white.
D (Diameter): Moles which are larger than 6 mm (1/4 inch) in diameter.
E (Evolving): Moles that change in size, shape, and color throughout life.
The most important thing in reducing your risk of skin cancer is to protect yourself from the sun. Don’t burn or tan, wear protective clothing, seek shade, generously apply sunscreen and get vitamin D safely through a healthy diet and vitamin supplements.